Author Topic: Jiu-Jitsu 柔術  (Read 1238 times)

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Jiu-Jitsu 柔術
« on: February 05, 2017, 10:39:10 pm »
Jiu-jitsu (also spelled Ju-Jutsu or Jiu-jutsu) is a Japanese martial art and a method of close combat for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon or only a short weapon.

"Jiū" can be translated to mean "gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding." "Jitsu" can be translated to mean "art" or "technique" and represents manipulating the opponent's force against himself rather than confronting it with one's own force. Jiu-jitsu developed to combat the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armored opponent in which one uses no weapon, or only a short weapon. Because striking against an armored opponent proved ineffective, practitioners learned that the most efficient methods for neutralizing an enemy took the form of pins, joint locks, and throws. These techniques were developed around the principle of using an attacker's energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.

There are many variations of the art, which leads to a diversity of approaches. Jiu-jitsu schools (ryū) may utilize all forms of grappling techniques to some degree (i.e. throwing, trapping, joint locks, holds, gouging, biting, disengagements, striking, and kicking). In addition to jiu-jitsu, many schools teach the use of weapons.

Today, ji-jitsu is practiced in both traditional and modern sports forms. Derived sport forms include the Olympic sport and martial art of judo, which was developed by Kanō Jigorō in the late 19th century from several traditional styles of jiu-jitsu, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu, which was derived from earlier (pre-World War II) versions of Kodokan judo.
« Last Edit: February 03, 2018, 08:09:54 pm by Blade~ »
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